Frequently Asked Questions

  • What are different type of tiles?

    Tile terminology can be confusing. Most types of tiles that are made from clay or a mixture of clay and other materials, then kiln-fired, are considered to be a part of the larger classification called “Ceramic Tiles”. These tiles can be split into two groups, porcelain/vitrified tiles and non-porcelain/vitrified tiles. These non-porcelain/vitrified tiles are frequently referred to as ceramic tiles by themselves, separate from porcelain/vitrified tiles.

    Ceramic tile (non -porcelain/vitrified tiles) : These tiles are generally made from red or white clay fired in a kiln. They are almost always finished with a durable glaze which carries the color and pattern. These tiles are used in both wall tile and floor tile applications, are softer and easier to cut than porcelain/vitrified tiles, and usually carry a PEI 0 to 3 rating. These type of ceramic tiles are usually suitable for very light to moderate traffic and generally have a relatively high water absorption rating making them less frost resistant and they are more prone to wear and chipping than porcelain tiles.

    Porcelain/Vitrified tiles : This is a tile that is generally made by the dust pressed method from clay which result in a tile that is dense, impervious, fine grained and smooth, with a sharply formed face. Porcelain/Vitrified tiles usually have a much lower water absorption rate (less than 0.5%) than ceramic tiles making them frost resistant or frost-proof. There are different types of porcelain/vitrified tiles

    • Nano polished vitrified tiles : If we apply a layer of liquid silica on vitrified tiles then it fills the micro (nano) pores on the tiles surface and makes it smoother in feel. This type of tiles is called nano polished vitrified tiles.

    • Double/Multi charge vitrified tiles are fed through a press that prints the pattern with a double layer of pigment, 3 to 4 mm thicker than other types of tile. This process does not permit complex patterns but results in a long-wearing tile surface, suitable for heavy traffic commercial projects.

    • Full body vitrified tiles have pigment in entire body (thickness) of the tile. This makes chips and scratches less noticeable and makes this an ideal choice for high traffic zones, but the process significantly increases the cost.

    • Glazed vitrified tiles (GVT) have a glazed surface. They offer a wide variety of design, art work and surface textures like wood grain, bamboo, slate or stone. This tile are now printed through digital printing techniques.

    • Glazed polished vitrified tiles (PGVT) are nothing but GVT tiles in glossy form.

  • What is a glazed wall tile?

    As mentioned above, It is a ceramic tile that has a high absorption of water with one side that is glazed. It is perfectly suited to interior walls.

  • What does “digital technology” mean?

    This term refers to the tile’s design that is printed onto the surface. Today, images that are created from photographs by a computer program are then applied to the tile by inkjets, much like modern office printers. With this technology the designs are more exciting and attractive than ever.

  • How do glazed and unglazed floor tiles differ?

    Glazed floor tiles have been coated with a glassy finish which often incorporates color, texture, or design, and is fired at very high temperatures. Unglazed floor tiles do not have this surface as the color comes from the body of the tile itself. This can be natural color from the clay or other minerals or can be added to the mixture before forming and firing the tiles. Because the color extends through the entire tile, these are great for high traffic areas as they do not show wear as easily.

  • Can you install under floor heating with a porcelain/vitrified tile?

    Porcelain/vitrified material are perfectly apt to be used with under floor heating. The only thing that should be taken into account is that a grout joint of at least 1.5mm is necessary for the installation.

  • Can ceramic tile be used outdoors?

    Yes but to be used outdoors, we recommend the tile must be frost proof and unglazed for floor use. Make sure the absorption rate is 0.5% or less.

  • Can I tile right over plywood?

    Yes, you can, and it’s done on a daily basis. However, you really need to KNOW what you’re doing. There are additional steps you need to take care of, as well as pitfalls to watch out for that either don’t exist, or aren’t as important when using backer board (CBU– cementitious backer units) as your underlayment. The thinnest you use, how you lay your plywood down, how you SCREW it down, even the species and rating of the plywood used, all make a difference.

  • Can I use floor tile on the wall?

    Yes, but wall tile is never recommended for floor use.

  • Is it possible to fit new tiles on an old tiled floor?

    Yes, it is definitely possible to fit new tiles on top of an old tiled floor provided that none of the underneath tiles are loose or uneven. However it is not advisable as the cost would be high and you would be reducing the headroom (height between the floor and the ceiling). However if you still want to go ahead, then see that the existing surface provides a good grip. If the existing flooring is of glazed tiles then they have to be roughened to give a good grip for the new floor.

    There are some other factors also that you have to take into consideration before deciding to fit new tiles on an old tiled floor. The most important being the finished floor level. You need to allow for the thickness of the tiles that you are laying, plus approximately 6-12 mm for the cement slurry/adhesive, depending on the type of flooring to be laid. Once this thickness is added on top of your existing floor, will you still be able to open doors, etc.

  • What are the different types of fixing tiles?

    The tiles can be either dry fixed or wet fixed. In dry fixing the tiles are fixed by using conventional cement mortar. In wet fixing this is done by using special adhesives that can fix tiles directly on the existing flooring.

  • Where can tiles be used?

    Tiles can be used in virtually any part of the house like bathrooms, kitchens, bedrooms, portico, foyer, drive way, drawing / living rooms, study, lobby, etc. They can be used both on the walls and floors.

  • What’s the best way to calculate the quantity of Tile I’ll need?

    Length times width of the area to be covered will give you square footage. For most installations, add 5-7% for cutting loss, and enough to keep on hand for any repairs. When the installation is on a diagonal, or when you are using a multi-size pattern, you should add 12-15%.

Sibaco Globals

Our Corporate Office
Shop No. B-50,Ceramic Plaza-1,
1st Floor, 8-A N.H.
Morbi-363642 (Guj) INDIA.

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